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The French Presidential Election

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The man who wins the French presidential election will become the only person in France who can declare war, press the nuclear button and sign peace treaties with other countries. the French president also appoints the prime minister and signs all the bills passed by parliament.
Presidential elections take place every seven years. The elections must take place on Sunday and the winner must get an absolute majority of the votes (50% plus). All French citizens over the age of eighteen years are entitled to vote.
The candidate must be French and age at least 23 years old. They must be also have completed their period of military service and not have a criminal record. If they meet these qualifications, the next step is to pay a deposit of 10.000 franc (1 franc = approx. Rp. 460) and get the backing of 500 elected individuals in France.
The first round of the election will decide whether or not there is a winner with an absolute majority, there must be a second round of voting. The election campaign can begin no sooner than 15 days before the election day and must end at midnight on the Friday before the Sunday election. The reason for the time limits is to restrict the amount of advertising by the richer candidates and so make the elections more democratic. No candidate is allowed to spend more than 90 million franc on the first round. Each candidate is given two hours of free radio time and also two hours of television time, in addition to taking part in debates and interviews.
If no candidate receives an absolute majority in the first round, there is a second round two weeks later. There are only two candidates in the second round – the two who received the largest number of votes in the first round. (In the 1995 election, it was the conservative Jacques Chirac agains against the socialist Lionel Jospin. The right wing candidate went on to beat the candidate of the left wing). For the second round the campaign can start no sooner than twelve days before the Sunday election and must end on the Friday before. The candidates must not spend more than 120 million francs on the first and second rounds.


Author: Ikhsan Madjido

A man with an idea to unity people by writing and sharing to each others

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